Introduction

 

The sadar Upazila for its tremendous beauty, amazing resources, and enthusiastic liveliness of people get fabulous attraction to tourists and visitors. Literally we can say it a very prosperous Upazila. Besides administration it is important for pilgrimage of the holy graveyard of Hazrat Shah Mostofa (RA) and some other saints. Immense influx of foreign currency makes it rich and wealthy. River, lake, hill, vast plain land makes itís natural complexion extraordinary.

 

History says that in the middle of 17th century Moulvi Kudratullah established a small bazar near his house and local people named it as Moulvibazar. This market was established at riverside of the present Poschim Bazar (West Market), which gradually expanded over the time.

 

From archeological source, it is learnt that this place has an ancient habitation as Hindu religious book revealed Moulvibazar as holy place and river Manu as divine tribute.

 

Muslim religion and its philosophy started to spread in this place in 14th century with the arrival of the greatest saint Shah Jajal (RA) and his 360 companions in Sylhet as a savior against the hostile ruler Raja Gaur Govinda. Amongst other companions of Hazrat Shah Jalal (RA), Hazrat Syed Shah Mostafa (RA) and few others spent their devoted life to spread Islam and its ideology in Moulvibazar area. The village he lived in was named after him as Mostafapur. The names of the other saints are here as under:

 

  1. Hazrat Shah Kamaluddin (RA): The shrine of this saint is situated in Kamalpur bazar, which was named after him.
  2. Hazrat Haji Rasul (RA): Historian believed he was a descendent of Hazarat Shah Jalal (RA). His shrine is situated in the village of Ghurakhal in the eastern part of Dhaka Sylhet highway.
  3. Hazrat Shah Dorong (RA): The shrine of this saint is situated in the village of Bekamura. Historian believed he was the descendent of Hazrat Shah Mostafa (RA).
  4. Hazrat Shah Kala (RA): The shrine of this saint is situated in the village of Jagannathpur. There is a confusion amongst the historian whether he was the companion of Hazrat Shah Jalal (RA) or not.

 

The following saintsalso devoted their life to preach Islam in this locality.

Hazrat Shah Syed Yasin (RA): Indeshwar, Hazarat Syed Ismail: Kholapara, Hazrat Shah Helal (RA): Hilalpur, Hazrat Nur Ali Shah (RA): near Berri Lake, Hazrat Shah Wali Mohammed (RA): Ita Singkapon, Hazrat Sheikh Sihabuddin (RA): Roysree, Hazrat Sabur Shah (RA): Uluail.†††

 

The sadar Upazila consists of 12 Union Parishads, one class 1 Pourashava and 431 villages. Balagonj and Rajnagar Upazila are situated in the north, Sreemongal and part of Kamalganj Upazila in the south, part of Rajnagar and Kamalganj is situated in east and Nabiganj Upazila is situated in thewest. Two million people live here within 132 Sq miles of area. It is a tropical region, which is 50í above of sea level.

 

Certain ancient documentary evidence shows that Moulvibazar municipality was established in 1918-1919. Late Jotindra Muhan Deb was the first elected chairman of the Moulvibazar Municipality (For details please click on Moulvibazar Pourashava.)

Besides, municipality, rural administrative unit known as Union Parishads chronologically mentioned as: 1. Khalilpur, 2. Monumukh, 3. Kamalpur, 4. Kagabala, 5. Akhailkura, 6. Chadnighat, 7. Ekatuna, 8. Kanakpur, 9. Amtail, 10. Nazirabad, 11. Mostafpur, 12. Giashnagar.

 

Palace of Hindu Raja Raj Chandra in Khalilpur union is famous for its architectural heritage. Monumukh was once famous for the river port in the Sylhet division. Kamalpur , Upper Kagabala, Amtoil, Kanakpur, Nazirabad unions are famous for the bulk rice production. Ekatuna is one of therichest unions for its pounds and dollars coming from UK and USA. The Eye Hospital and Monu barrage are situated in Chadnighat union.

 

Major (Retd) Khalidur Rahman was first elected Chairman of this Upazila. Later on a freedom fighter Mr. Abdul Mosobbir was elected as the Upazila Chairman. The government in 1991suspended the Upazila administration, but the present government has already announced to hold the upazila election soon.

 

The lists of the Union Parishads chairmanís are as hereunder:

 

SL

NAME OF UNION

NAME OF CHAIRMAN

POST OFFICE

01

Khalilpur

Md. Raja Miah

Afrozganj

02

Monumukh

Md. Sundar Miah (Sonor)

Shaduhati

03

Kamalpur

Faisal Miah

Kamalpur

04

Upper Kagabala

Kamal Hossain

Shamsherganj

05

Akhailkura

Md. Modoris Mia

Paguria

06

Ekatuna

Md. Nurul Islam

Borkapon

07

Chadnighat

Md. Musaraf Hosain (Badsha)

Moulvibazar

08

Kanakpur

Kamal Ahmed

Durlabpur

09

Amtail

Md. Abdur Rashid (Babul)

Amtail

10

Najirabad

Aminul Islam

Biadagati

11

Mostofapur

Md. Shahed Ahmed

Jagatsy

12

Giashnagar

Md. Golam Mostafa

Karimnagar