Introduction

Natural beauty and geographical diversity makes Kamalganj Upazila a unique part of Moulvibazar district. Natural resources, political and cultural activities, heroic role during war of liberation in 1971, colorful ethnic composition paves Kamalganj to a national identity.

In 10th of January 1922, the then British government under gazette notification no GJ176, constituted Kamalganj police station / thana and in 1984 it was upgraded to Upazila as a reform of administrative decentralization by the then government of President Ershad.

Kamalganj, a place of peace and tranquility located at 91.52 east longitude and 24.20 north latitude of global demarcation having 187 square miles, located in the southern part of the district.

There is no authentic information of its naming as Kamalganj, but it is known to all that Jamindar Kamal Narayan Roy in 1306 established a market named Kamalganj, though the market was later abolished however, the name Kamalganj still made into the history. Very recently Kamalganj has earned the status of a municipality, which should be a welcome story for this comparatively underdeveloped, underachieved and poorer region.

Location and physiography:

Eastern and western parts of this Upazila are hilly mountains and most of this part is covered with forest. An old human habitation developed in plain land of eastern part of the upazila. Rajkandi reserve forest situated in northeast area and the Bhanugach Mountains are in west part of the region. The highest peak of the mountain is 500 feet high located in the south verge.

Average rainfall is about 109 inches a year and the average humidity is 82%. However from December to February weather becomes dry, rainfall turns to 2 inches and temperature remains in the sixties but from March to May temperature increases with the stormy humid weather.

For the nice combination of weather and physiography, the plain lands of Kamalganj grows rice and the hilly areas grow tea, pineapple, jackfruit, lemon, lichies etc.

In 1882 Kamalganj Thana was formed in combination of following five Porgonas

1. Itha: 219 Villages and 1133 Talluks.

2. Ali Nagar: 280 Villages and 1376 Talluks.

3. Shamshernagar: 275 Villages and 1989 Talluks.

4. Adampur: 4 Villages and 3 Talluks

5. Bhanugach: 102 Villages and 258 Talluks.

Ethnic composition and religion:

Kamalganj inherits common anthropological identity of Bangalee culture with little difference to neighboring Upazilas. Though Muslim & Hindu community comprises the major northwest portion of the upazila but in tea gardens of southeast is mostly inhabited by garden laborers migrated from India and people of Monipuri origin dominate 4 Union Councils of south region.

Communal harmony & tolerance is a unique feature of this Upazila. Mofiz Shah, Kalo Shah and other philanthropist left their spiritual influences over the Muslim community. Almost all the Muslims are Sunni. Although few garden laborers and members of Monipuri community are converted Muslims but most of them are maintaining their own religious traditions. One hundred thousand seven hundred eighty six people are Muslims in the region which is about 64% of the total population.

Hindu community here is composed of various castes & cadres, which is their traditional feature of religious distinction. About sixty five thousand people are of Hindu religion, which amounts to about 38% of the total population. Besides this, Buddhists and Christians form a small fraction of the diverse population.

Mr. Anwar Khan was the first elected Chairman of the Upazila. Then after Mr. Muhibur Rahman elected as Upazila Chairman. Recently the government declared Kamalganj as a Pourshava. There are nine Union Parshad in this Upazila. The name of the Union Parishad Chairmans are here as under.

SL #

NAME OF UNION

NAME OF CHAIRMAN

POST OFFICE

1

Rahimpur

Ifteqar Ahmed (Badrul)

Munshibazar

2

Potonushar

Abdul Ahad Choudhury

Potonushar

3

Munshibazar

Md.Shafiqur R.Choudhury

Munshibazar

4

Shamshernagar

Md.Abdul Mosobbir

Shamshernagar

5

Kamalganj

Md.Muhibur Rahman

Keramatnagar

6

Alinagar

Md.Fajlul Haque

Kamalganj

7

Adampur

Md.Abdul Sabur

Adampur

8

Madavpur

Asaddar A.Choudhury

Patrakhola

9

Islampur

Md.Abdul Hannan

Patrakhola